1. Get a flu shot

It is important to get the influenza vaccination in autumn each year to continue to be protected, since it takes a month to work and may wear off after 3 to 4 months. Flu strains (types) also change over time.

2. Wash your hands

In addition to vaccination, good hygiene is one of the best ways to help prevent colds and flu from spreading. Wash your hands regularly.

3. Cover coughs and sneezes

Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.

4. Bin your tissues

Throw disposable tissues in the bin immediately after using them.

5. Avoid sharing

Don’t share cups, plates, cutlery and towels with other people, if you can.

6. Keep surfaces clean

Clean surfaces such as your keyboard, telephone and door handles regularly to get rid of germs.

7. Self-care at home

In most cases you can treat mild cold or flu symptoms at home, but if you are very unwell, especially experiencing difficulty breathing make sure you see a doctor.

NOTE: Antibiotics won’t help

Antibiotics do not reduce symptoms of colds and flu as these illnesses are caused by viruses. Antibiotics only work for bacterial infections.