1. Get a flu shot
It is important to get the influenza vaccination in autumn each year to continue to be protected, since it takes a month to work and may wear off after 3 to 4 months. Flu strains (types) also change over time.
2. Wash your hands
In addition to vaccination, good hygiene is one of the best ways to help prevent colds and flu from spreading. Wash your hands regularly.
3. Cover coughs and sneezes
Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
4. Bin your tissues
Throw disposable tissues in the bin immediately after using them.
5. Avoid sharing
Don’t share cups, plates, cutlery and towels with other people, if you can.
6. Keep surfaces clean
Clean surfaces such as your keyboard, telephone and door handles regularly to get rid of germs.
7. Self-care at home
In most cases you can treat mild cold or flu symptoms at home, but if you are very unwell, especially experiencing difficulty breathing make sure you see a doctor.
NOTE: Antibiotics won’t help
Antibiotics do not reduce symptoms of colds and flu as these illnesses are caused by viruses. Antibiotics only work for bacterial infections.